Title I ("Title One") of the act is a set of programs set up by the United States Department of Education to distribute
funding to schools and school districts with a high percentage of students from low-income families.
This section also helps children from families that have migrated to the United States, youth from intervention programs,
that are neglected or at risk of abuse. The act appropriates money for education purposes for the next five fiscal years.
In addition, Title I appropriates money for the education system for prevention of dropouts and the improvement of school.
These appropriations are also carried out for the next five fiscal years.
To qualify as a Title I school, a school typically has around 40% or more of its students come from families who qualify under the United States Census's definitions as low-income, according to the U.S. Department of Education. Title I states that it gives priority to schools that are in obvious needs of funds, low-achieving schools, and schools that demonstrate a commitment to improving their education standards and test scores.
Assistance for school improvement includes government grants, allocations, and reallocations based on the school's willingness to commit to improving their standing in the educational system. Each educational institution requesting these grants must submit an application that describes how these funds will be used in restructuring their agency for academic improvement.
Schools receiving Title I funding are regulated by federal legislation, including the No Child Left Behind Act.
Title I funds may be used for children from preschool through high school, but most of the students served (65%) are in grades 1 through 6; another 12% are in preschool and kindergarten programs.